Russian Dog Bear Hunter: Breed Information and Photo

Russian dog bear hunter


  • Temperament: Fearless, Bold, Kind
  • Height: 23-30 inches
  • Weight: 99-170 pounds
  • Litter Size: About 5 to 12 puppies
  • Life Expectancy: 10-12 years
  • Group: Foundation Stock ServiceOpens in a new tab. 

FCI STANDARDOpens in a new tab.

The Russian dog bear hunter is a Russian dog that hunts bears. it is a dangerous and confident guardian breed that should not be taken softly. The Caucasian is bold, fearless, self-confident, and fierce when a threat is present, but he is soft, devoted, kind, and endearing to his family, including other family pets.

Russian Dog Bear Hunter

About the Russian Dog Bear Hunter

Russian dog bear hunters were used for centuries to preserve properties from intruders and encroachers, defend livestock against large and small predators, which includes wolves, bear, lion, and coyotes, among many others. 

Today, especially in the West, the Russian dog bear hunters are most commonly used as companions and watchdogs. 

The ears of the Russian dog bear hunter are usually cropped traditionally, although many believe that this practice is unfair and cruel.

There is a great diversity in the Russian dog bear hunters depending on their home region. For many, there have been only two breed types and standards: 

The Mountain type, which is long-coated and has a more massive body than the 

Steppe type, a shorter-coated dog with a lighter body mass. 

Other names for the Russian dog bear hunters include; 

  • Caucasian Shepherd dog,
  • Caucasian Ovcharka, 
  • CO
  • Armenian Khobun Dog
  • Azerbaijani Shepherd Dog
  • Kavkaskaia Ovtcharka
  • Karachay-Balkar pariy
  • Kavkazskaïa Ovtcharka
  • Kavkazskaya Ovcharka
  • Kars (Kafkas) Köpeği
  • Caucasian Owcharka
  • Caucasian Mountain Dog
  • Sage Ghafghazi
  • Georgian Nagazi
  • Circassian Sheep Dog
  • Russian Caucasian Ovtcharka
  • Russian Caucasian
  • Russian Mountain Dog
  • Caucasian Sheepdog, 
  • Kawkasky Owtscharka, and 
  • Kaukasische Schaferhund.

Russian Dog Bear Hunter

Care for the Russian dog bear hunter include;

  • Nutrition
  • Grooming
  • Exercise
  • Training
  • Health

Nutrition of the Russian dog bear hunter 

You are going to want to feed your Russian dog bear hunter, a recipe that will cater to his particular digestive needs throughout the various phases of his life. 

You should continue the food your breeder recommends until your puppy is at least six months old (unless there is a compelling reason to change). 

Reputable breeders will help you ensure that your puppy receives proper nutrition with quality foods that help him/her grow healthily.

When its time to change, many dog food companies have breed-specific formulas for small, medium, large, and extra-large breeds. Caucasian Shepherds are a large-extra-large breed. 

Avoid kibbles/dog foods with low-quality ingredients – they may not be easily digestible. and can cause harm to your dog

What you feed your dog is an individual choice, but working with your veterinarian and breeder will be the best way to determine the frequency of meals as a puppy and the best adult diet to increase his longevity.

Clean, fresh water should be available at all times.

Russian Dog Bear Hunter

Grooming of the Russian dog bear hunter 

There are two major coat varieties of the Russian dog bear hunter: 

The Mountain type, which is long-coated and has a more massive body than the 

Steppe type, a shorter-coated dog with a lighter body mass. 

The mountain coat type requires frequent brushings and grooming. 

You should pay special attention to the spots where tangles may occur. 

The Steppe type requires less grooming, that notwithstanding, they should still be groomed, combed, and brushed.

Russian Dog Bear Hunter

Exercising the Russian dog bear hunter

The Russian dog bear hunter breed of dog is best suited for a household or family with a spacious environment. – That is an environment with lots of space where the dog can quickly and safely run free in an open area. This breed should be taken for a daily walk- especially when not working as a livestock guard. 

Training the Russian dog bear hunter

This breed should be trained as soon as possible; else, it may become a problem to its owner.

Due to their enormous size, the breed is prone to exhibit dominance, but the only way to prevent that from occurring is to train them.

Get an experienced dog handler/trainer to come to do the job, or you can do it yourself by watching youtube videos on dog training.

You can learn some Russian dog commands for you Russian dog bear hunter

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Russian Dog Bear Hunter

The health of the Russian dog bear hunter

The Russian dog bear hunter is generally healthy and long-lived, with a life span of 10–12 years.[1]Opens in a new tab. 

If taken care of by someone who has a broad knowledge of the needs of a Russian dog bear hunter, then the dog has a much less chance of suffering from any form of bad health.

The Russian dog bear hunter should be fed a proper and well-balanced diet.

To prevent obesity, then owners of this breed must be sure that they get enough exercise and play-time. 

Some of the outdoor activities include;

  • Hiking, 
  • Chasing balls, and 
  • Retrieving flying discs, etc.

All these are ways owners of the Russian dog bear hunter can keep dogs active and mentally stimulated.

History of the Russian dog bear hunter

The Russian dog bear hunter is a flock guardian produced from pre-historic molosserOpens in a new tab. breeds in the Caucasus by local herders.

The Russian dog bear hunters were used to protect sheep from predators and thieves. 

This breed of dog will always attract the attention of everyone due to outstanding working qualities and a striking appearance. 

Due to the lack of an organized kennel club and a well-written breed standard, the Russian dog bear hunting dog breed is known to differ in type from country to country and even from locale to locale. 

The Russian dog bear hunter is most prevalent in Russia. 

The breed is fondly called “Ovtcharka” which means “sheepdog” in Russian. 

In Russia and most parts of the former Soviet Union, the Russian dog bear hunter is commonly shown at dog shows. 

The Kavkaz (Caucasus) mountain range of Eastern Europe. – The territories of Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kabardino-Balkaria, Daghestan, Ossetia, Turkey, Chechnia, Ingushetia, and Iran, the Caucasus mountains are also known as a home to the Caucasian Ovtcharka otherwise called Russian dog bear hunter or Caucasian Shepherd dog. 

Many pieces of research show that the Russian dog bear hunter is a close relative of the sheepdogs of the Balkans and mastiffs of Asia.

Historically, the Russian dog bear hunters were used to guard and safe-keep herds, flocks, and dwellings from Bear, Lion, and any type or form of predators.

Russian Dog Bear Hunter

Recognition of the Russian Dog Bear Hunter

  • ACA = American Canine Association Inc.
  • FCI = Fédération Cynologique Internationale
  • ACR = American Canine Registry
  • CKC = Continental Kennel Club
  • AKC = American Kennel Club
  • APRI = American Pet Registry, Inc.
  • DRA = Dog Registry of America, Inc.
  • NKC = National Kennel Club
  • NAPR = North American Purebred Registry, Inc.

Now that you have known about the Russian Dog Bear Hunter, I hope you found it educating

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If you have questions and contributions, feel free to use the comment section below

Dr. Jason Williams

Dr. Jason Williams has served the veterinary field for over 26 years. After graduating from the Prestigious University of California--Davis. He has practiced in both the large and small animal sectors. His experience with Animals is immeasurable. Dr. Jason has found pleasure helping pet owners find the best information they'll ever need for their pets(companion). He currently has 20 pets and is dedicated to sharing from his wealth of experience to pet owners all over the world.

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