Dog Vaccination in Nigeria

Want to know all about the dog vaccination in Nigeria? If yes, then this is definitely going to be of help to you.

Written by: Dr. Oluwaseun Huthman DVM 

Before going into our main subject matter- dog vaccination in Nigeria, let’s get the basics of dog vaccination

What is Dog Vaccination?

Vaccination is said to be the injection of a killed microbe to stimulate the immune system against the microbe, thereby preventing disease. 

A dog vaccine typically contains an agent that resembles a disease-causing organism and is often made from a weakened or attenuated version of that particular pathogen, its toxin, or one of its surface proteins. 

Dog vaccinations work by stimulating the immune system to recognize the infectious agent as foreign, and stores/remember it so that the immune system can easily recognize and destroy any of these agents that it later encounters. 

The immune system then begins developing immunity against this agent. 

When an adequately large percentage of a population has been vaccinated, herd immunity results. 

The efficacy and effectiveness of dog vaccination have been widely studied and verified and proven to be the most effective methods for preventing infectious diseases.

Vaccination of dogs has contributed to dogs’ health and public health, with human health benefiting from immunization of animals directly and indirectly. 

Currently, there are geographically defined core vaccinations and individually chosen non-core vaccines recommendation for dogs. 

Core vaccines are vaccines that all dogs should receive to protect them against the disease of global significance or where legislation may dictate, for example, canine rabies. 

In contrast, non-core vaccines are dictated by geographic location, lifestyle, and exposure. Dogs are susceptible to many diseases, and some of these diseases can be prevented or treated with the available vaccine. 

Some of these vaccine-preventable diseases include canine distemper, rabies, canine parvovirus enteritis, infectious canine hepatitis, leptospirosis, and canine parainfluenza.

Dog Vaccination in Nigeria

In Nigeria, canine vaccination is usually in the form of a 5-way vaccine called “DHLPP,” standing for Distemper, Hepatitis (Adenovirus), Leptospira, Parainfluenza, and Parvovirus. 

Vaccination of dogs in Nigeria has been controversial, especially regarding its efficacy in preventing vaccinable diseases, such as parvovirus. 

This could be due to the predominance or pervasiveness of quackery, mishandling, poor storage of vaccines, and lack of production of indigenous vaccines that are well suited for our climate and breeds common in Nigeria.

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How Much is it to Vaccinate Dogs in Nigeria?

The price of vaccination in Nigeria varies just the same way there are different vaccines with different effectiveness whose prices are different.

Additionally, economic variables like the vet clinic’s location, etc. also matter.

For instance, the cost of vaccination in a vet clinic in a highbrow area like Lekki, Victoria Island, etc., would not be the same as vaccination in a low-income neighborhood or area.

Hence it would be misleading to categorically state a particular cost as the amount it takes to vaccinate a dog in Nigeria.

Dog Vaccination Schedule in Nigeria

Below is the dog vaccination schedule in Nigeria

dog vaccination in nigeria

6 — 8 weeks distemper, parvovirus

10 — 12 weeks DHLPP (vaccines for distemper, adenovirus [hepatitis], leptospirosis, parainfluenza, and parvovirus)

16 — 18 weeks DHLPP, rabies

12 — 16 months DHLPP, rabies

Every 1-3 years- Rabies

Every 1-2 years- DHLPP


How Much is Dog Vaccine in Nigeria

As said earlier, canine vaccines’ prices vary based on several factors such as the brand, location, etc. But generally from experience and market survey. 

The vaccination or how much to vaccinate dog in Nigeria regimen is usually varied around the amount below;

  1. a) DHLPP Vaccine- 6,000 (Price may vary based on brand or location)
  2. b) Anti Rabies Vaccine- 6,000 (Price may vary based on brand or location)
  3. c) Dewormer- 3,000 (Price may vary based on brand or location)

Some may sell as low as 4,000-6,000 but as said earlier it varies. 

Note: sales of dog vaccines are highly regulated and not for sale over the counter.

 Here you have it- Everything you need to know about dog vaccination in Nigeria

Feel free t drop your questions about dog vaccination in Nigeria in the comments section below.

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Dr. Jason Williams

Dr. Jason Williams has served the veterinary field for over 26 years. After graduating from the Prestigious University of California--Davis. He has practiced in both the large and small animal sectors. His experience with Animals is immeasurable. Dr. Jason has found pleasure helping pet owners find the best information they'll ever need for their pets(companion). He currently has 20 pets and is dedicated to sharing from his wealth of experience to pet owners all over the world.

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